His Portion is Mine; The Fulfillment of the Davidic Promises in Jesus; Part 2
September 1, 2010

C. R. Oliver

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September 1, 2010

His Portion is Mine
The Fulfillment of the Davidic Promises in Jesus
Part 2

Am I like people of the world who say yes when they really mean no? As surely as God is true, I am not that sort of person. My yes means yes because Jesus Christ, the Son of God, never wavers between yes and no. He is the one whom Timothy, Silas, and I preached to you, and he is the divine Yes - God's affirmation. For all of God's promises have been fulfilled in him. That is why we say "Amen" when we give glory to God through Christ. It is God who gives us, along with you, the ability to stand firm for Christ. He has commissioned us, and he has identified us as his own by placing the Holy Spirit in our hearts as the first installment of everything he will give us.
(NLT) 2 Corinthians 1:17-22
Notice: "ALL of God's promises HAVE BEEN FULFILLED in Him." Hallelujah!
There are no dangling promises waiting some future date which may or may not be dependant on the condition and machinations of world governments or Israel!

Last month, the newsletter concentrated on the above focus Scripture as it related to the Abrahamic promises. (I have especially related to Abraham this month because it is the month of my seventy-fifth birthday. Abraham was 75 when God first spoke to him and told him to leave his home country and venture by faith, using God's promises rather than relying on family or a familiar countryside. My spirit soared when I realized that at 75 years of age, instead of life slowing down preparing for an end; it could well signal a time for new challenges and a greater walk with God through Christ. What a wonderful prospect.)

In this month's study, attention is turned to the Davidic promises fulfilled in Jesus.

The Gospel Accounts:
Purposefully, Matthew opened and closed his account of the human genealogy of Jesus with two great Patriarchs: Abraham and David. In between verse 1 and verse 17, he included many important personages that comprised Jesus' earthly family tree, but he emphasized only two.
The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the Son of David, the Son of Abraham:
Matthew 1:1

So all the generations from Abraham to David are fourteen generations, from David until the captivity in Babylon are fourteen generations, and from the captivity in Babylon until the Christ are fourteen generations.
Matthew 1:17
In the four Gospels, there are four different aspects of Jesus' human heritage being expressed. In Matthew, He is shown as the King of Israel. In Luke, He is the Saviour of the World. In Mark, He mounts the steps of the Divine throne. In John, He is the one who descends into humanity to sanctify the world.
(Baron, David, Rays of Messiah's Glory, The Messianic Testimony, Essex, U.K., [1886], reproduced, 2000, pages 73-74)

Nothing however, so identifies Him as the Messiah more than His lineage from David and Abraham. During His earthly ministry, He was often addressed, by those seeking Him, as "the Son of David." Not one of the Sanhedrin could deny Him that designation. They knew full well He was from the line of David.

When John wrote Revelation, he found Jesus' genealogy as very important to include:
"And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia write, 'These things says He who is holy, He who is true, "He who has the key of David, He who opens and no one shuts, and shuts and no one opens"
Revelation 3:7
Writings of Christian Rabbi David Baron about Jesus and David:
David Baron (1886) believed strongly in Jesus having a literal ascension to the throne of David. (Writing before the existence of the current State of Israel [but not before Zionist influences] he chronicled two major arguments relating to Jesus literally occupying the Davidic throne.)
And who else can sit and reign in Judah on the throne of David but a Son of David: for has not God made an everlasting covenant (2 Samuel 23:5) with David, 'ordered in all things and sure,' saying,' I will set up thy seed after thee which shall proceed out of thy bowels, and I will establish His kingdom…and… the throne of His kingdom forever'? (2 Samuel 7:12, 13; Psalms 132:11). (Ibid., page79)
Baron not only believed this promise to be literal, he believed that Jesus occupies the throne of His Father temporarily until such time He will descend to occupy a literal throne in Jerusalem.
I can only find one throne of David, and that was in Jerusalem, not in heaven; And on this throne Jesus the Son of David never yet sat; and believing that the Word of the Living God cannot be broken.

That Christ's exaltation to the right hand of God is only temporary, until He takes possession of His throne…He is only now waiting to take possession of That throne. (Ibid., page 80, 83)
(Baron rejected the idea of the Church being Zion or being a "substitute" Israel [substitutionary Christianity]. Please note that he also knew the Nineteenth Century rabbinic aspirations. His book quoted the Zionist boast, "that before long the tenets which they represent will eclipse Christianity and become universal [Ibid, page 29]." Note: much of the Zionist beliefs have systematically filtered into Christian theology as well as governmental policy.)

Baron lived during the rise to prominence of Pre-millennialism (a theology originating through the Roman Catholic Church as a counter to Protestant belief that Rome was the Antichrist Harlot of the seven hills begun by Jesuit Father Ribera at the end of the sixteenth century.)*
*(Owens, Paul & Jennings, Charles, The Origin of Futurism and Preterism, Truth in History Ministries, Owasso, Oklahoma, 2006, page 7)

Baron envisioned the re-establishment of Israel as a religious nation. He sought for a solution to Judaic-Christian claims to the scriptures. Yet, all the while, he made this statement:
Now mark, since His (Jesus') advent, and unto the present day, there is no more such a thing as a tribe of Judah, for genealogies are all extinct now, and no Jew can say for certain to which tribe he belongs, so that there can be no talk of a yet future fulfillment of this prophecy; (ref. to the one below)...
"For thus says the LORD of hosts: 'Once more (it is a little while) I will shake heaven and earth, the sea and dry land; and I will shake all nations, and they shall come to the Desire of All Nations, and I will fill this temple with glory,' says the LORD of hosts. 'The silver is Mine, and the gold is Mine,' says the LORD of hosts. 'The glory of this latter temple shall be greater than the former,' says the LORD of hosts. 'And in this place I will give peace,' says the LORD of hosts." Haggai 2:6-9
…for suppose Messiah came to-day, how could His claims be tested by the touchstone of genealogies, or how could He come to the second Temple, of which there has not been one stone left upon another for nearly nineteen centuries? (Op. Cit., page 26)
(It might be fitting here to ask, "If Baron felt no Jew (Hebrew) in 1886 could accurately determine his tribal heritage through bloodline, then why in the past 60 yrs. have so many claims suddenly been satisfied?" Another question might also be asked, "Where is this throne of David to be found if it is to be a literal enthroning?")

Baron had his problems wrestling with any different view of Israel other than that of a literal kingdom, but so does every modern Messianic and pre-millennialist.

Their difficulties do not diminish the Biblical need to establish Jesus' legal right to all the promises of Abraham and David combined. In the accounts surrounding Jesus' birth, many references to David reflect the royal side of His being. The following prophecy from Zechariah (John the Baptist's father) given to Mary and Joseph is a prime example.
'Blessed is the Lord God of Israel,

For He has visited and redeemed His people,
And has raised up a horn of salvation for us
of His servant David,
As He spoke by the mouth of His holy prophets,
Who have been since the world began,
That we should be saved from our enemies
And from the hand of all who hate us,
To perform the mercy promised to our fathers
And to remember His holy covenant,
The oath which He swore to our father Abraham:
To grant us that we,
Being delivered from the hand of our enemies,
Might serve Him without fear,
In holiness and righteousness before Him all the days of our life.'

Luke 1:68-75
Zechariah's words resound in one's ears because the last line is the real "bottom line" for true worship.
(In writing the book, The Regal Pair, this Scripture text took prominence. Holiness and righteousness are indeed the "inseparable twins of God." H&R explored the great emphasis the Bible places on these two aspects in the saint's life, as well as, the great vacuum of teaching and lack of adherence in the modern church.)
The Christian life today is almost devoid of these twins. The emaciated church is spiritually anorexic because of it too. Zechariah had committed to memory much of the word of God. He knew the Messiah would be the fulfillment of the Davidic commitment. (Modern Jews do not believe this.) He knew the Psalms and the 186 times David extolled holiness and righteousness. Zechariah also knew the prophets and the oath sworn to Abraham, but he knew without doubt the absolute result of redemption was holiness and righteousness. (When will they, who call themselves "the church," realize that redemption's goal is H&R?)

Promises to David
Flowing through the heart of David was a great love for the things of God. By reading Proverbs, one can surmise how he taught Solomon respect for the covenant and the covenant promises. The Spirit allowed David to know things about Jesus that were beyond his human grasp. The raptures of his music spilled into the prophetic (Prophetic Psalms have given to the world a new dimension of praise. Praise services without the prophetic aspect lack a level of spiritual grandeur which inspires the soul and spirit of man! The stone cold hearts of multitudes who call themselves believers are revealed when introduced to true worship in holiness and righteousness, the ability to bare the soul is the power of prophetic music.)
The last words of David before departing to God were:
Yet He has made with me an everlasting covenant,
Ordered in all things and secure.
For this is all my salvation and all my desire;
Will He not make it increase?
2 Samuel 23:5
And, increase it did and yet will inside the ready and willing heart.

Jesus is the possessor of all the Davidic Promises. He also incorporated with them the many attributes of David which reflected Him. (If one will rehearse some of the aspects of David's life, he will discover a determined dependency on the Spirit of God and a fearless wisdom. Just to do a search of the times David is mentioned in the Word is a refreshing study.) Here are a few examples:
When Samuel came to anoint David, 1 Sam 16:13:
Then Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the midst of his brothers; and the Spirit of the LORD came upon David from that day forward.

David, challenging the Philistine: 1 Sam 17:45:
'You come to me with a sword, with a spear, and with a javelin. But I come to you in the name of the LORD of hosts'
Biblical comment about David, 1 Sam 18:14:
And David behaved wisely in all his ways, and the LORD was with him.
Prophetic Words about the Throne of David
Prophets spoke through revelation and pointed toward the throne of David being occupied by the Son of God.

Isaiah's passage, spoken mostly at Christmas, is a great place to start:
And His name will be called
Wonderful, Counselor, Mighty God,
Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.
Of the increase of His government and peace
There will be no end,
Upon the throne of David and over His kingdom,
To order it and establish it with judgment and justice
From that time forward, even forever.
The zeal of the Lord of hosts will perform this.
Isaiah 9:6-7
The key of the house of David
I will lay on his shoulder;
So he shall open, and no one shall shut;
And he shall shut, and no one shall open.
I will fasten him as a peg in a secure place,
And he will become a glorious throne to his father's house.
Isa 22:22-23
Jeremiah equally spoke of Jesus' rule:
'Behold, the days are coming,' says the LORD,
That I will raise to David a Branch of righteousness;
A King shall reign and prosper,
And execute judgment and righteousness in the earth.
In His days Judah will be saved,
And Israel will dwell safely;
Now this is His name by which He will be called:

Jeremiah 23:5-6
Ezekiel joined the chorus:
I will save My flock, and they shall no longer be a prey; and I will judge between sheep and sheep. I will establish one shepherd over them, and he shall feed them - My servant David. He shall feed them and be their shepherd. And I, the LORD, will be their God, and My servant David a prince among them; I, the LORD, have spoken. 'I will make a covenant of peace with them.'
Ezekiel 34:22-25
Hosea's and Zechariah's end-time prophecies are being fulfilled at this moment as many come to know Jesus.
For the children of Israel shall abide many days without king or prince, without sacrifice or sacred pillar, without ephod or teraphim. Afterward the children of Israel shall return and seek the LORD their God and David their king. They shall fear the LORD and His goodness in the latter days.
Hosea 3:4-5
In that day the LORD will defend the inhabitants of Jerusalem; the one who is feeble among them in that day shall be like David, and the house of David shall be like God, like the Angel of the LORD before them. It shall be in that day that I will seek to destroy all the nations that come against Jerusalem. Mourning for the Pierced One 'And I will pour on the house of David and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem the Spirit of grace and supplication; then they will look on Me whom they pierced. Yes, they will mourn for Him as one mourns for his only son, and grieve for Him as one grieves for a firstborn.'
Zechariah 12:8-10
As one can see, Jesus is often compared to or shown to be David. Therefore, David stands symbolically through history as the Great King, whose prophetic passages intermingle with those about Jesus. The Apostles and early disciples hurried to reveal to their public how Jesus was the fulfillment of what was begun in David and how Jesus is the holder of all the promises made to David. Acts' earliest sermons emphasized the connection between the promises to David and the Lord Jesus.
'For David did not ascend into the heavens, but he says himself:

"The LORD said to my Lord,
"Sit at My right hand,
Till I make Your enemies Your footstool."'
'Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly that God has made this Jesus, whom you crucified, both Lord and Christ.'
Acts 2:34-36

James answered, saying, "Men and brethren, listen to me: Simon has declared how God at the first visited the Gentiles to take out of them a people for His name. And with this the words of the prophets agree, just as it is written: After this I will return and will rebuild the tabernacle of David, which has fallen down.
Acts 15:13-16
Lineage from David
Even before Jesus was born, the angel of the Lord sanctioned the connection between Jesus and David and spoke about it to Mary.
Now in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent by God to a city of Galilee named Nazareth, to a virgin betrothed to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David. The virgin's name was Mary. And having come in, the angel said to her, "Rejoice, highly favored one, the Lord is with you; blessed are you among women!"

But when she saw him, she was troubled at his saying, and considered what manner of greeting this was. Then the angel said to her, "Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have found favor with God. And behold, you will conceive in your womb and bring forth a Son, and shall call His name JESUS. He will be great, and will be called the Son of the Highest; and the Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David. And He will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and of His kingdom there will be no end."
Luke 1:26-33
The Apostle Paul, in all his epistles, declared that Jesus was the fulfillment of David's work (whether by ruling on his throne or in rebuilding David's tabernacle [David's tabernacle was not according to Law and it was ministered by a King who served as priest]). Jesus was then associated with true worship, apart from the Levitical traditions. (How then can Messianic groups be thrilled at the prospect of rebuilding the Temple in Jerusalem?)

Paul spoke to Timothy thusly:
Remember that Jesus Christ, of the seed of David, was raised from the dead according to my gospel.
2 Timothy 2:8
Again Paul spoke of his own ministry in light of the Davidic promise.
Paul, a bondservant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, separated to the gospel of God which He promised before through His prophets in the Holy Scriptures, concerning His Son Jesus Christ our Lord, who was born of the seed of David according to the flesh, and declared to be the Son of God with power according to the Spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead. Through Him we have received grace and apostleship for obedience to the faith among all nations for His name, among whom you also are the called of Jesus Christ.
Romans 1:1-6
One must return to the speech of the covenant to understand the power of Paul's treatise as it relates to Jesus and eventually to His people.
The covenant in Psalms*****************

'I have made a covenant with My chosen,
I have sworn to My servant David:
'Your seed I will establish forever,
And build up your throne to all generations.'
Psalms 89:3-4
Notice how Jesus is referred to as David. Understand then why Paul said Jesus was the inheritor of all the promises of Abraham and David.

This covenant was the reference used by Paul in the Romans 1:1-6 passage. Paul often took meticulous time to explain to the Jews how scripture spoke of Jesus. By using David as the catalyst, he emphasized Jesus. All the apostles in one way or the other did the same thing in their messages.
For David says concerning Him:
"I foresaw the LORD always before my face,
For He is at my right hand, that I may not be shaken.
Therefore my heart rejoiced, and my tongue was glad;
Moreover my flesh also will rest in hope.
For You will not leave my soul in Hades,
Nor will You allow Your Holy One to see corruption.
You have made known to me the ways of life;
You will make me full of joy in Your presence."

'Men and brethren, let me speak freely to you of the patriarch David, that he is both dead and buried, and his tomb is with us to this day. Therefore, being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him that of the fruit of his body, according to the flesh, He would raise up the Christ to sit on his throne, he, foreseeing this, spoke concerning the resurrection of the Christ, that His soul was not left in Hades, nor did His flesh see corruption. This Jesus God has raised up, of which we are all witnesses. Therefore being exalted to the right hand of God, and having received from the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, He poured out this which you now see and hear.

'For David did not ascend into the heavens, but he says himself:

'The LORD said to my Lord,
"Sit at My right hand,
Till I make Your enemies Your footstool."

'Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly that God has made this Jesus, whom you crucified, both Lord and Christ.'

Now when they heard this, they were cut to the heart, and said to Peter and the rest of the apostles, "Men and brethren, what shall we do?"
Acts 2:25-37
Jesus is truly Lord and the anointed One (Messiah).

Revelation addressed this matter in two separate items. (One must note the use of certain phrases which link the power of a King to Jesus.) The first passage shows Him as the Keeper of the Keys. He possesses the authority of all the prophetic promises. Both passages show Jesus speaking about Himself. He testifies of his own authority.
These things says He who is holy, He who is true, "He who has the key of David, He who opens and no one shuts, and shuts and no one opens":
Revelation 3:7

'I, Jesus, have sent My angel to testify to you these things in the churches. I am the Root and the Offspring of David, the Bright and Morning Star.'
Revelation 22:16
In a day when many doors are being manipulated by man, there needs to be a display of the power of Jesus to correct and redirect; He is the keeper of the Key. He is the absolute power over opportunity, for He can open a door no man can shut. Man may accomplish many things for Christ, but the only thing that really counts is that which is accomplished using the door He opens.

Christ also is the power over protection and redirection. He can close a door against an enemy, or, as in the case of Paul, close the door to a whole nation.

Regally, Jesus is the man of promise and in Him Abrahamic and Davidic promises are totally fulfilled. 2 Corinthian 1:17ff becomes a major force in end-time theology. Jesus is the main feature, for He is the holder of ALL the promises of God. He alone!

Repeatedly during His ministry, those in dire need cried out, "Jesus, thou son of David, have mercy on me." That must be the cry of whole nations now. That already is the cry of multitudes of near martyrs who are being persecuted and maligned because of their faith. That phrase needs to be heard once again in pulpit and pew, until the true one, "who has the government upon His shoulders" answers with, "I am Alpha and Omega." His answer will be loud enough to shake the world.

He is the only "promise keeper" worth listening to. The true outcry of men's hearts must be, "sit upon the throne of my heart."

The spirits of true followers bow before Him. They truly pray for the sure mercies of David in this chaotic world.

Unless the people of God turn to Him, they shall be devastated, like Saul.

Jesus has declared promises on His own, promises that are peculiar to Him, promises not given to Abraham or David. These "Jesus promises" come from Him and the Father. The repository for the "Jesus promises" are bought by His blood and redeemed unto Him. The Jesus Promises are not based on lineage or thrones. They have nothing to do with Judah or a blood line to Israel.
'Thus it is written, and thus it was necessary for the Christ to suffer and to rise from the dead the third day, and that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in His name to all nations, beginning at Jerusalem. And you are witnesses of these things. Behold, I send the Promise of My Father upon you; but tarry in the city of Jerusalem until you are endued with power from on high.'
Luke 24:46-49

Grace and peace be multiplied to you in the knowledge of God and of Jesus our Lord, as His divine power has given to us all things that pertain to life and godliness, through the knowledge of Him who called us by glory and virtue, by which have been given to us exceedingly great and precious promises, that through these you may be partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust.
2 Peter 1:2-4
In the days of Christ's ministry on earth, He encountered many who trusted in some form of connection to Abraham and to David. Many people today who invoke the Name of Jesus do so like the Pharisees did the names of Abraham and David. Seeking validity for themselves, their actions or their interests, they do as the elders in the Temple did with the Patriarchs. Many today use Jesus' Name as a passport for their selfish interests. (Please understand, I am aware that most of the time Jesus' name is not misused. [In most prayers, working of miracles and matters pertaining to the true kingdom, His Name is used correctly.] However, often times, the Spirit has caused me to understand incorrect usage and with that knowledge, I cringe. O' may the people of God understand what promises are included in the use of His Name.)

When the "Temple-ites" used the names of Abraham and David, they were seeking to invoke the promises given those two. They, with subtlety, were laying claim to those promises for themselves. Consider what an awesome propensity that included, so much so, that Jesus and the early Disciples took to task those who used this mechanism.

Perhaps it would do well to examine the use of the Name of Jesus because it is so easily cast about today. Surely pulpit and pew know that the use of the Name implies the possession of His promises. One must realize that by taking that Name, one commits himself to a life of holiness and righteousness, for they are professing His ownership. There really is something about that Name.

          Now is the time to come forth to Him who has the promises. It is the time to stay in His presence until the great and precious promises are a part of one's own being.
'For the promise is to you and to your children, and to all who are afar off, as many as the Lord our God will call.'
Acts 2:38-39
(It is time to say aloud, there is no special dispensation for any nation of people, blood line or heritage apart from Jesus Christ, whether in the Amazon region or downtown Jerusalem.)

Until Next month,

Dr. Cosby R. Oliver, PhD.


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